Who are the Demons?

Keep your senses, be watchful! Your adversary, the Devil, walks about like a roaring lion, seeking to devour someone.”(1 Peter 5:8)How can we be alert to an enemy that we do know? An enemy that is a wolf disguised as a sheep? We must know the enemy’s methods, to be cunning as serpents but as harmless as doves. The Lord wants us to put on the full armour of God, and that requires using all parts of the armour well against our enemy. We can’t use the armour of the spirit effectively if we are not familiar with the enemy’s weapons. The goal of this video is to expose the false doctrine of the Watchtower about the origin of demons and shed light in an obscure but crucial teaching of the Bible.

The commonly held position

So where do the demons come from? This is a question that we have wondered about for centuries now. Demons do not as a word in the  Old Testament,never.Then when we start reading the Gospels, demons are just there and Jesus is going around casting them out of people and talking to them. The Bible almost just assumes we already know what a demon is and that has created confusion  which in turn leads us to speculate.

The most popular of this speculations, in fact the default position, is that the demons are fallen angels and the Watchtower amongst other Christian denominations endorses this concept .To arrive to this conclusion the Watchtower is using a number of Scriptures that we will examine together and then try to explain the reasons behind this interpretation.

Demons Insight Encyclopedia

According to the Insight Encyclopedia to the Scriptures “Demon is an invisible, wicked, spirit creature having superhuman powers. The common Greek word for demon (daiʹmon) occurs only once in the Christian Greek Scriptures, in Matthew 8:31; elsewhere the word dai·moʹni·on appears. Pneuʹma, the Greek word for “spirit,” at times is applied to wicked spirits, or demons. (Mt 8:16)…

And here are the verses that the Watchtower is using to explain their concept about demons:

Genesis 6:1-4: “Now when men started to grow in number on the surface of the ground and daughters were born to them, 2  the sons of the true God*+ began to notice that the daughters of men were beautiful. So they began taking as wives all whom they chose. 3  Then Jehovah said: “My spirit will not tolerate man indefinitely,+ because he is only flesh.* Accordingly, his days will amount to 120 years.”+4  The Nephʹi·lim* were on the earth in those days and afterward. During that time the sons of the true God continued to have relations with the daughters of men, and these bore sons to them. They were the mighty ones of old times, the men of fame.”(In Genesis 6 we read about the angels that descended here on earth and the took wives from the women of mankind.Now in order for angels to have relations with women they had to materialize in order to do so and we know from other parts of the Bible that angels do have this ability.What did really happened to these fallen angels during the Flood the Bible doesn’t say BUT it does offer a clue in the following chapter ,Genesis 7)

Genesis 7:21-23: “So all living creatures* that were moving on the earth perished+—the flying creatures, the domestic animals, the wild animals, the swarming creatures, and all mankind. 22  Everything on dry land that had the breath of life* in its nostrils died. 23  So He wiped every living thing from the surface of the earth, including man, animals, creeping animals, and the flying creatures of the sky. They were all wiped off the earth;+only Noah and those with him in the ark survived.” (all flesh perished,including the flesh of the fallen angels but it would that they abandoned their human bodies in order to escape the worldwide destructive Flood.There is no follow up though in Genesis to what happened to these angels after they abandoned their bodies here on earth.In order to find this information we need to go to the last pages of the Bible, in the letter of Jude)

Jude 6: “And the angels who did not keep their original position but forsook their own proper dwelling place,+ he has reserved with eternal bonds in dense darkness for the judgment of the great day” (In Jude 6 we read…where is this place of dense darkness ,Peter has a name for it) .

2 Peter 2:4: “Certainly God did not refrain from punishing the angels who sinned, but threw them into Tarʹta·rus, putting them in chains* of dense darkness to be reserved for judgment.” (Tartarus obviously a “prison” like place) so this place has a name “Tartarus” but is it a place or a condition? Well if all the angels of of Noah’s were locked in a physical prison that creates a problem because it contradicts other verses of the Bible…and here is the verse in question..

Ephesians 6:10-12 “Finally, go on acquiring power+ in the Lord and in the mightiness of his strength.11 Put on the complete suit of armor  from God so that you may be able to stand firm against the crafty acts* of the Devil;12 because we have a struggle,not against blood and flesh, but against the governments, against the authorities, against the world rulers of this darkness, against the wicked spirit forces in the heavenly places. “ (since angels can not in a prison and at the same time roam the heavens the Watchtower in order to solve this seeming contradiction decided that this place is metaphorical and not literal.So this is what is has to say about Tartarus in the Insight to Bible Encyclopedia:

“From these texts it is evident that Tartarus is a condition rather than a particular location, inasmuch as Peter, on the one hand, speaks of these disobedient spirits as being in “pits of dense darkness,” while Paul speaks of them as being in “heavenly places” from which they exercise a rule of darkness as wicked spirit forces. (2Pe 2:4;Eph 6:10-12) The dense darkness similarly is not literally a lack of light but results from their being cut off from illumination by God as renegades and outcasts from his family, with only a dark outlook as to their eternal destiny.” it-2 pp. 1068-1069

Tartarus_Watchtower definition

This is what the the Insight to Scriptures Encyclopedia has to say about the word Tartarus :

”A prison like, abased condition into which God cast disobedient angels in Noah’s day.This word is found but once in the inspired Scriptures, at 2 Peter 2:4. The apostle writes: “God did not hold back from punishing the angels that sinned, but, by throwing them into Tartarus, delivered them to pits of dense darkness to be reserved for judgment.” The expression “throwing them into Tartarus” is from the Greek verb tar·ta·roʹo and so includes within itself the word “Tartarus.” it-2 pp. 1068-1069

The Watchtower is at this point conveniently ignoring any other information in relation to this word Tartarus because ity simply won’t fit their interpretation .The word indeed appears only once in the Bible and that is because Jude had to borrow it from the Greek literature and where it had been been in use for over 700 years. The word Tartarus appears in the poem of Iliad written by Homer at about 700 B.C. a text that was well known to people of the 1st century A.D. and would have been taught in most schools of that time.It also appears in Hesiod’s Theogony (700 B.C) and Plato’s Gorgias (400 B.C.)

Extra-Biblical Texts-Is it right to use?

Ok let’s compare then the references to Tartarus in these texts and draw some conclusions.(Now before we do that we need to make a parenthesis here..I know that Jehovah’s Witnesses see the Bible ony as the Word of God and I believe that too but there are certain parts in the Bible that we need to look in to extra-Biblical sources to get more historical information needed,for example in order to understand how exactly Jesus prophecy for the destruction of Jerusalem came to be the Watchtower will frequently use Josephus Antiquities as a source material because Josephus described in detail the destruction of the city in 70 A.D. now Josephus Antiquities of the Jews is not part of the Bible or inspired Word of God but it is a historical document that helps shed light to an account that the Bible offers little information and this is exactly what Jude is doing to ,He is using a word that most of his Gentile contemporaries had all the information about its origin and its meaning .So that gives us the license to use this material without prejudice.

Greek Cosmology

Now in order to understand what these texts are saying about Tartarus we need to preface this information with the ancient Greeks perception of the earth and heavens which is significantly different from ours .You see ,we today perceive the earth as a sphere with the atmosphere above our heads and space where atmosphere ends but that is not how the ancient Greeks perceived their world .As you can see from this illustration,the whole universe was perceived as great sphere–or egg-shaped ovoid–with the solid dome of the sky forming the upper half and the inverse dome of the pit of Tartarus the lower and I think that is where many times you find in ancient cultures this description of the world as an egg. The flat, horizontal disc of the earth divided the interior of the cosmic sphere into two halves–the homes of men and gods above, and Hades the domain of the dead human souls with Tartarus,the gloomy prison of the Titans below it.

Hesiod’s Cosmogony

The Theogony is a poem composed by Hesiod in the 7th century BC describing the origins and genealogies of the Greek gods and there we find a specific mention to Tartarus .Here is what Hesiod had to say about the Titans :“ (they) hurled them beneath the wide-pathed earth, and bound them in bitter chains(do you see the connection here with the Jude’s letter?) when they had conquered them by their strength for all their great spirit,as far beneath the earth as heaven is above earth; for so far is it from earth to Tartarus. For a brazen anvil falling down from heaven nine nights and days would reach the earth upon the tenth: and again, a brazen anvil falling from earth nine nights and days would reach Tartarus upon the tenth. “ So, according to Hesiod ,Tartarus is a physical prison located well beneath the earth.

Homer’s Iliad

Iliad is also an ancient Greek epic poem which is  traditionally attributed to Homer. Set during the famous Trojan War and the ten-year siege of the city of Troy that in the end fell by trickery with the famous Trojan horse  by a coalition of Greek states.In this poem we find a reference to the gathering of the god in mount Olympus where Tartarus is mentioned there too.Here what Homer said about Tartarus: “ I will hurl him down into dark Tartarus far into the deepest pit under the earth, where the gates are iron and the floor bronze, as far beneath Hades as heaven is high above the earth, that you may learn how much the mightiest I am among you.” So again Tartarus is described as a physical prison with gates of iron and floor of bronze where gods(=like fallen angels) can be imprisoned.

From these texts is painfully obvious that the ancient Greeks believed Tartarus to be a place inside the earth and not a spiritually debased condition as the Watchtower is making it out to be.The concept of a “spiritual” Tartarus was foreign to people living in the 1st century AD.

We have now established that Tartarus is an actual physical location that holds imprisoned the fallen angels of Noah’s days but that still leaves with the problem of them roaming about in heaven during the apostle Paul’s thousands of years later.Since that can not be true ,these angels can not be in 2 different places at the same time a satisfactory explanation is needed.As they say “truth is stranger than fiction” and in this case a different explanation exists one that will surprise you ,it did surprise me to when I first came across it ,and connects all the verses in question together without any contradiction.

Demons are Disembodied Nephilim

As we saw earlier from the Bible the fallen angels escaped earth during the Flood abandoning their bodies behind BUT their offspring the Nephilim didn’t ,they perished along with the rest of mankind BUT one thing that many Bible students do not consider..and we really need to consider carefully is the  fact that the Nephilim were in fact a hybrid species(let me repeat that:the Nephilim were in fact a hybrid species), half man half angel.Now there are ancient texts that say that their angelic part survived and it is what later became in the post Flood era the demons of Jesus days.In other words the demons are the disembodied spirits of dead Nephilim!

Now ,one of the greatest discoveries of the 20th century was the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls some of them containing parts of the Old Testament but amongst these scrolls was found also the book of Enoch,an apocryphal book that is based in Jewish Tradition that has a lot to say about the world before the Flood.This book makes a specific reference to the spirits of Nephilim and their survival after Noah’s Flood.

In the book of 1 Enoch the disobedient sons of God of Genesis 6:1-4 are not only called angels—they are called Watchers and their offspring were the source of demons:

“In those days, when the children of man had multiplied, it happened that there were born unto them handsome and beautiful daughters. 2 And the angels, the children of heaven, saw them and desired them; and they said to one another, ‘Come, let us choose wives for ourselves from among the daughters of man and beget us children.’ . . . And they took wives unto themselves, and everyone (respectively) chose one woman for himself, and they began to go unto them.As for the women, they gave birth to giants to the degree that the whole earth was filled with blood and oppression . . .(so this account so far sounds exactly like Genesis 6:1-4,the book of Enoch further says…)Now at this point Jehovah said to Gabriel the angel ‘Proceed against the bastards and the reprobates and against the children of adultery; and destroy the children of adultery and expel the children of the Watchers(=watchers being the fallen angels) from among the people. And send them against one another (so that) they may be destroyed in the fight, for length of days have they not. . . .’And when they and all their children have battled with each other, and when they have seen the destruction of their beloved ones, bind them(=that is the fallen angels) for 70 generations underneath the rocks of the ground until the day of their judgment and of their consummation, until the eternal judgment is concluded(so this sounds like the binding of the fallen angels in the place called Tartarus,doesn’t it.And here comes the crucial point about the demons). . . . But now the giants who are born from the (union of) the spirits and the flesh shall be called evil spirits upon the earth, because their dwelling shall be upon the earth and inside the earth. 9 Evil spirits have proceeded from their bodies; because they are born from men and from the holy Watchers is their beginning and primal origin; (10) they shall be evil spirits on earth, and evil spirits shall they be called. [As for the spirits of heaven, in heaven shall be their dwelling, but as for the spirits of the earth which were born upon the earth, on the earth shall be their dwelling.] (11) And the spirits of the giants afflict, oppress, destroy, attack, do battle, and work destruction on the earth, and cause trouble: they take no food, but nevertheless (12) hunger and thirst, and cause offences. And these spirits shall rise up against the children of men and against the women, because they have proceeded from them.” (Enoch 15:8-12)

So the book of Enoch makes a clear separation between the evil spirits of the earth ,the disembodied spirits of the Nephilim,that would later be called demons in the New Testament and the spirits that were imprisoned under the earth for 70 generations ,the fallen angels imprisoned in Tartarus.While this supernatural backdrop has eluded most Christian thinkers in the history of Christianity to the present day, it was well known to the generation of Jews who lived right after the Old Testament period—what scholars call the “Second Temple” period or, more popularly, the “Intertestamental” period. It was during this era that books like 1 Enoch were written, as well as the Dead Sea Scrolls.

 

The Unseen Realm: Recovering the Supernatural Worldview of the Bible.

The difference between angels and demons

Now armed with this knowledge we can begin to see the differences between demons and fallen angels as 2 different kinds.

 

THE ABILITY TO CONTROL THE ENTITY THEY POSSESS

Demons have the ability to possess human beings and in many occasions control a person’s actions.For that ,we have the famous accounts in the Gospels where Jesus casted demons out possessed people.(Matt.8:28-32,Mark 5:11-13) On the other hand there is no occasion in the Bible that fallen angels possess people .Fallen angels do not have the ability to possess but they have the ability to transform in order to deceive people.That is a considerable difference don’t you think?2 Corinthians 11:13-15 informs us that Satan’s ministers/fallen angels have the ability to transform themselves so that they can pose as ministers of righteousness:(13) For such ones are false apostles, deceitful workers transforming themselves into apostles of Christ. (14) And did not Satan marvelously transform himself into an angel of light? (15) It is not a great thing, then, if also his ministers transform themselves as ministers of righteousness, whose end will be according to their works.” (2 Corinthians 11:13-15)The Greek word for “transform” is metaschēmatizō, which means to “to change in fashion or appearance”. Therefore, fallen angels have the ability to deceive people by transforming themselves

PHYSICAL VISIBILITY

Demons do not have the ability to appear in a physical form to humans on the other hand fallen angels have this ability to physically appear to people (like their un-fallen counterparts in Genesis 19:1). Genesis 6 records the activities of many fallen angels that fell from Heaven. The sons of God (fallen angels) married human women (which strongly suggests the women were able to see them) and produced children (which further suggests that fallen angels were able to appear physically to women).Yes, we don’t see fallen angels appearing to us in human form to day but that is only because they have been placed under restriction to do so after the Flood.

Fallen Angels can fly but Demons walk

Fallen Angels apparently can travel out of this world. For instance, Satan and his fallen angels one day came to present themselves in front of God in Heaven:

Job 1:6 :“Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them.” (Job 1:6)

Luke 11:24-26: “When an unclean spirit comes out of a man, it passes through waterless places in search of a resting-place, and after finding none, it says, ‘I will return to my house from which I moved.’+ 25  And on arriving, it finds the house swept clean and adorned. 26  Then it goes and takes along seven other spirits more wicked than itself, and after getting inside, they dwell there.

Ephesians 6:12

So we’ve learned that the fallen angels are locked up under the earth ,in the prison called Tartarus and the demons are still roaming around here on earth afflicting men BUT we are still left with an unresolved part of the puzzle.Who are “wicked spirits in heavenly places” that Paul mentioned in Ephesians 6:12 ? Paul wrote to the Ephesians thousands of years after the Flood right ? These can not be fallen angels can they ?

Well you’re gonna love this ! There is another apocryphal book like the book of Enoch called the book of Jubilees,written before during the Intertestamental period and was well known amongst the Jews and frequently referenced from many of the first apostolic Fathers.It is an attempt to rewrite the history of man from the very beginning and that is why sometimes is called Lesser Genesis.There we find a crucial part of the story of what really happened immediately after the Flood of Noah in Heavens and prior to the fallen angels being locked up in Tartarus.In chapter 10 verses 1-11 we read :

“1 And in the third week of this jubilee the unclean demons began to lead astray the children of the sons of Noah, and to make to err and destroy them.

2 And the sons of Noah came to Noah their father, and they told him concerning the demons which were leading astray and blinding and slaying his sons’ sons.

3 And he prayed before YAHWEH his Sovereign Ruler, and said:

‘YAHWEH of the spirits of all flesh, who have shown mercy unto me

And have saved me and my sons from the waters of the flood,

And have not caused me to perish as You did the sons of perdition;

For Your free unmerited pardon has been great towards me,

And great has been Your mercy to my soul;

Let Your free unmerited pardon be lift up upon my sons,

And let not wicked spirits rule over them

Lest they should destroy them from the earth.

4 But do You bless me and my sons, that we may increase and Multiply and replenish the earth.

5 And You know how Your Watchers, the fathers of these spirits, acted in my day: and as for these spirits which are living, imprison them and hold them fast in the place of condemnation, and let them not bring destruction on the sons of your servant, my Sovereign Ruler; for these are malignant, and created in order to destroy.

6 And let them not rule over the spirits of the living; for You alone can exercise dominion over them. And let them not have power over the sons of the righteous from henceforth and forevermore.’

7 And YAHWEH our Sovereign Ruler bade us to bind all.

8 And the chief of the spirits, Mastema, came and said: ‘YAHWEH, Creator, let some of them remain before me, and let them listen to my voice, and do all that I shall say unto them; for if some of them are not left to me, I shall not be able to execute the power of my will on the sons of men; for these are for corruption and leading astray before my judgment, for great is the wickedness of the sons of men.’

9 And He said: Let the tenth part of them remain before him, and let nine parts descend into the place of condemnation.’

10 And one of us He commanded that we should teach Noah all their medicines; for He knew that they would not walk in uprightness, nor strive in righteousness.

11 And we did according to all His words: all the malignant evil ones we bound in the place of condemnation and a tenth part of them we left that they might be subject before Satan on the earth.

So from this account we learn that on the aftermath of the Noah’s Flood the disembodied spirits of demons were attacking and hurting the sons of Noah.Noah pleads for this scourge to stop and prays to God to banish the Watchers into the place of condemnation,what we know today as Tartarus. Also we see Satan pleading with God not to bind all his fallen angels in Tartarus but to let at least a tenth of them remain so that he could have a valid administration of fallen entities helping him exercise authority over mankind. I don’t know about your guys but this account in the book of Jubilees fit so well with the rest of the Bible.For example in the book of Job we see Satan asking permission to inflict misery over Job the same way he pleads with God him to grant him extended authority.We read in other part of the Bible that Satan is the ruler of this world (2 Cor 4:4) and that ties in with the fact that Satan is granded here the authority to do so immediately after the Flood and lastly that explain well another Jehovah’s Witness doctrine that God has allowed Satan enough time and in this case enough resources to prove his claims against God.

So now we know who are the “wicked spirits in heavenly places” that Paul in Ephesians 6:12 was talking about .Is this 10% of the fallen angels that were not locked up in Tartarus after the Flood of Noah.It is Satan’s heavenly organisation, his administration, that help him rule of the sons of mankind effectively.

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